**PROOFS THAT P**

- Davidson's proof that p: Let us make the following bold conjecture: p
- Wallace's proof that p: Davidson has made the following bold conjecture: p
- Grunbaum: As I have asserted again and again in previous publications, p.
- Morgenbesser: If not p, what? q maybe?
- Putnam: Some philosophers have argued that not-p, on the grounds that q. It would be an interesting exercise to count all the fallacies in this "argument". (It's really awful, isn't it?) Therefore p.
- Rawls: It would be a nice to have a deductive argument that p from self-evident premises. Unfortunately, I am unable to provide one. So I will have to rest content with the following intuitive considerations in its support: p.
- Unger: Suppose it were the case that not-p. It would follow from this that someone knows that q. But on my view, no one knows anything whatsoever. Therefore p. (Unger beieves that the louder you say this argument the more persuasive it becomes.)
- Katz: I have seventeen arguments for the claim that p, and I know of only four for the claim that not-p. Therefore p.
- Lewis: Most people find the claim that not p completely obvious and when I assert p they give me an incredulous stare. But the fact that they find not-p obvious is no argument that it is true; and I do not know how to refute an incredulous stare. Therefore p.
- Fodor: My argument for p is based on three premises: (1) q (2) r and (3) p From these, the claim that p deductively follows. Some people may find the third premise controversial, but it is clear that if we replaced that premise by any other reasonable premise, the argument would go through just as well.
- Sellars's proof that p: Unfortunately, limitations of space prevent it from being included here, but important parts of the proof can be found in each of the articles in the attached bibliography.
- Earman: There are solutions to the field equations of general relativity in which space-time has the structure of a four-dimensional klein bottle and in which there is no matter. In each such space-time, the claim that not-p is false. Therefore p.